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中考英语:单词+词组+句型(H)_中考英语

  H
  1. habit n.习性;习惯
  be in/fall into/get into the habit of doing sth. 有(养成)做某事的习惯
  He is not in the habit of drinking a lot. 他不习惯于多喝酒。
  Ive got into the habit of turning on the TV as soon as I get home.
  我已养成了一到家就打开电视的习惯。
  2. habitat n.(动植物的)自然环境;栖息地
  The creatures habitat is the jungle. 这种动物的栖息地是丛林。
  3. hair n.毛发;茸毛
  hair band 发带
  hair clip 发卡
  haircut n. 理发;发型
  Thats a nice haircut. 那个发式很漂亮。
  You should have a haircut. 你该理发了。
  4. half adj./ n.(pl. halves)一半;半场
  I divided the apples into halves. 我把苹果分成两半。
  half past one 一点半
  5. hall n.门厅;大厅;厅堂
  in the hall 在大厅
  6. Halloween n. 万圣节前夕(10月31日)
  7. ham n.火腿;后腿
  a slice of ham 一片火腿
  a ham sandwich 火腿三明治
  8. hamburger n.汉堡包
  9. hamster n. 仓鼠
  10. hand n.手;前腿 v.递给
  hand in 交上来
  The teacher asked the students to hand in their papers.老师叫学生将试卷交上来。
  hand out 分发;发放
  They are having out emergency things. 他们正在分发紧急物品。
  handbag n.手包
  11. handsome adj.英俊的;漂亮的
  12. handwriting n.手写;书法
  13. hang vt.使悬挂;吊起 (hung, hung) vi.上吊;绞死;处以绞刑(hanged, hanged)
  hang out (俚语)闲逛;闲荡
  14. happen v. 发生;出现
  sth. happen to sb. 某人发生某事
  If anything happens to him, let me know. 如果他发生什么事,就通知我。
  happen to do 碰巧;恰巧;恰好
  She happened to be out when he called. 他打电话是,她恰好不在家。
  词义辨析:happen/take place
  happen 指偶然发生的或未经筹划的。

  The accident happened at about 9:30.事故发生在9点30分左右。
  take place 表示必然性的发生或者是计划安排好举行。
  Great changes have taken place in my home town recently. 最近我的家乡发生了巨大的变化。
  15. happy adj. 愉快的;满足的;快乐的;幸福的
  16. hard adj.坚硬的;结实的;困难的;艰难的 adv.努力地;费劲地
  17. hard-working adj. 勤勉的;努力工作的
  18. hardly adv. 几乎不
  词义辨析:hard/hardly
  这两个词都是副词,但意思和用法截然不同。hard 是努力、、困难的意思,而hardly 是几乎不的意思,是否定词。
  We should work hard to pass the eaxm.我们应该努力学习,通过考试。
  They could hardly believe the news, could they?他们几乎不敢相信这个消息,不是吗?
  19. hat n.帽子;职务
  20. hate v./n.仇恨;憎恨
  21. have ( has, had, had) v. 有;拥有
  had better (do) 最好(做)
  You had better get up early. 你最好早点起床。
  Youd better not smoke here.你最好不要在这吸烟。
  have a cold 患感冒
  have a good time 玩得很痛快。
  We had a good time in the park yesterday.
  我们昨天在公园里玩得很愉快。
  have classes 上课
  have on 穿着
  He has a black coat on today.今天他穿着一件黑色的上衣。
  have a try 尝试,努力
  Have a try again and then you can get it.再试一次你就能得到它。
  have no idea 不知道
  I have no idea about the accident happened at the street corner.我对发生在街道拐角处的事故一无所知。
  have to 不得不,必须
  have got to 不得不;必须
  近义词辨析:have/there be 都是有的意思,区别是:there be 指某处存有,例如:There is a map on the wall.墙上有一幅地图。而have指所有,拥有例如:I have a brother and a sister.我有一个弟弟一个妹妹。
  22. Hawaii n. (美国州名)夏威夷
  23. he pron.他
  24. head n.头部;首领
  My head aches.我头痛。
  Use your head. 动动脑筋。
  25. headache n.头痛
  have a headache 头痛
  26. headmaster n. (中小学的)校长
  27. headphone n. 耳机
  a pair of headphones 一副耳机
  28. head teachern. 班主任
  29. health n.健康;健康状况
  be in good health= be healthy 身体健康
  He is healthy. =He is in good health. 他很健康。
  Exercise is good for the health. 锻炼身体有益于身体健康。
  healthy (-ier,-iest) adj.健康的
  a healthy child 健康的孩子
  30. hear (heard, heard) v.听见;听取
  hear about/ of 听说
  Ive ever heard of someone doing that.我曾经听说过有人做那种事。
  hear from 收到来信
  I often hear my old friends. 我经常收到老朋友的来信。
  近义词辨析:listen to/hear/sound
  listen 强调动作,意思 是听,不侧重于结果。例如:They are listening to the radio.他们正在听收音机。
  hear 强调结果,意思是听见,例如:I listened carefully but heard nothing.我仔细听,却没听到什么。
  sound 是系动词,意思是听起来,听上去,后面接名词、形容词。例如:The news sounds great.这消息听起来很棒。
  31. heart n. 心;心脏
  32. heat n.高温;热情 v.(使某物)变热或变暖
  33. heaven n.天堂;极乐世界
  34. heavy adj.(-ier, -iest)重的;密度大的
  How heavy is it? 这个有多重?
  There will be a heavy rain. 将会有场大雨。
  35. height n.高度;身高
  Whats the height of the mountain? 这山有多高?
  Hes two meters in height. 他身高两米。
  36. hello (hi) interj.喂
  37. help v.帮助;扶持
  help oneself to 请随便吃点
  Help yourself to some fish.请随便吃些鱼吧。
  help sb. with sth./do sth. 帮助某人做某事

  My sister helps me with my English/study English/to study English.
  我姐姐帮我学英语。
  helpful adj.有用的;有益的
  a helpful person 有用的人
  38. her pron.她
  39. here adv.在这里;到这里
  here and there 在各地;各处
  40. hero n.(pl. es)英雄;勇士
  41. herself pron. 她自已
  42. hide (hid, hidden) v.把...藏起来
  The sun was hidden by the clouds. 太阳被云遮住了。
  43. high adj.高的;高级的
  44. hill n.小山;土堆
  The house is on the side of a hill. 那所房子坐落在山坡上。
  45. him pron.他
  46. himself pron.他自已
  47. his pron.他的
  48. historical adj. 历史上的; 历史题材的
  historical research 历史研究
  49. history n. 历史学;历史
  50. hit (hit, hit ) v.击;投掷 n. 成功而轰动一时的事物(如歌曲等)
  She hit me on his head with a book. 她用书打我的头。
  I was hit by a falling stone. 我被落下的石头击中了。
  Her new film is quite a hit. 她的新影片十分成功。
  51. hobby n.业余爱好
  52. hold (held, held) v.握住;抓紧; 拿着;容纳
  hold on 等一下;停住;坚持
  Hold on a minute while I get my breath back. 停一停,让我喘口气。
  They tried to hold on until help arrived. 他们设法坚持住直到有救援到来。
  Hold on to your dream.坚持你的梦想。
  53. hole n.洞;穴
  54. holiday n.假日;节日
  on holiday 在休假
  He is on holiday this week. 他本周休息。
  55. home n.家 adv.回家,到家,在家
  He left home at sixteen. 他十六岁是离开了家。
  Is there anybody at home? 有人在家吗?
  Make yourself at home! 不要拘束!
  56. homeless adj. 无家的;无家可归的
  He gave all his money to the homeless. 他把所有的钱都给了无家可归的人。
  57. homeland n. 祖国; 故乡
  58. home-made adj. 自制的; 家里做的
  Home-made jam is usually better than the kinds you buy in the shops.
  自制的果酱通常要比从商店里买的好吃。
  59. homesick adj.想家的;思念家乡的
  He was homesick for France. 他思念祖国法国。
  60. hometown n. 家乡;故乡
  61. homework n.家庭作业;准备工作
  My little brother is doing his homework.我弟弟在做作业。
  62. honest adj.正当的;诚实的
  an honest businessman 可靠的商人
  to be honest 说实话
  To be honest, I dont think we have a chance of winning.
  说实话,我们没有获胜的可能。
  反义词:dishonest
  63. honey n. 蜂蜜
  64. honour ( US honor) v.崇敬;尊敬 n.名誉
  It is a great honour to be invited. 承蒙邀请,十分荣幸。
  65. hoop n. (木头,金属等做的)箍,圈,环
  66. hope n./v.希望;期望
  She hopes to have a job overseas.
  67. horse n.马;马科动物
  68. hospital n. 医院
  go to hospital 去医院
  Im going to hospital to visit my friend.我要去医院看望我的朋友。
  in the hospital 在医院
  He works in the hospital. 他在医院工作。
  in hospital 生病住院
  Ive never been in hospital.我从未住过医院。
  69. host n. 主人;主持人;主办人员 v. 主办;主持
  Mr. and Mrs. Hill are such good host. 希尔先生和夫人招待客人真周到。
  The host on tonights show is Liyong. 今晚表演节目的主持人是李咏。
  Which country is hosting the Games this year?今年的运动会由哪国主办?
  Beijing will host the 2008 Olympics. 北京将 主办2008年奥运会。
  70. hot adj.(-tter, -ttest)热的;烫的
  71. hotdog n.热狗面包
  72.hotel n.旅馆;旅店
  staying at/in a hotel 住旅馆

  73. hour n.小时
  an hour 一小时
  The film starts at 7:30 and lasts two hours. 影片7:30分开演,演两个小时。
  74. house n.住房;住宅
  Im going to my aunts house. 星期日我要去我姨家。
  75. housework n.家务活
  76. how adv.怎样;如何;多么
  77. however conj.无论如何;无论多么 adv.然而
  You wont move that stone, however strong you are.
  不管你力气有多大,也休想搬动那块石头
  She fell ill. She went to work, however, and tried to concentrate.她病了,然而她照旧去上班,并且尽力集中精神工作。
  78. huge adj.极大的;巨大的
  a huge elephant巨大的象
  Canada is a huge country. 加拿大是个幅员广大的国家。
  79. human n. = human being 人;人类
  80. humid adj. 潮湿的; 湿润的
  81. hundred num.一百
  hundreds of 成百上千的;许多
  82. hunger n. 饿;饥饿
  He died of hunger. 他饿死了。
  83. hungry adj.饥锇的;挨锇的
  Lets eat soon Im hungry. 咱们早点吃吧我饿了。
  84. hurry n./v. 匆忙;赶快
  in a hurry 匆忙地
  She dressed in a hurry. 她迅速穿好衣服。
  He was in a hurry to leave.他急于离开。
  hurry up 快点
  I wish the train would hurry up and come.
  我希望列车快点开来。
  85. hurt (hurt,hurt) v.伤害,损害,疼 n.疼痛
  Are you badly hurt? 你伤得厉害吗?
  He hurt his back when he fell. 他跌倒是背部受了伤。
  It hurts when I move my leg. 我的腿一动就疼。
  86. husband n.丈夫

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